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October 3, 2009 4:36 PM


b. August 20, 1926, Detroit, Michigan, USA,
d
. November 26, 1978, Los Angeles, California

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After dabbling with guitar, Rosolino took up the trombone while in his teens.
After military service during World War II he played in a succession of big bands, including those of Bob Chester and Glen Gray. In 1948 he was one of several bebop-influenced musicians playing in Gene Krupa 's big band (contributing the scat vocalizing on the band's hit record of 'Lemon Drop').

After playing in several other dance bands he briefly led his own group before joining Stan Kenton in 1952. Two years later he left the band and settled in California, where he divided his time between studio and jazz work. He recorded with Dexter Gordon Stan Levey Conte Candoli and many of the musicians who frequented the Lighthouse.

Frank Rosolino Frank Rosolino Frank Rosolino
Frank Rosolino Frank Rosolino Frank Rosolino
You can find more of his video-clips over here: http://www.dailymotion.com/relevance/search/rosolino/1 -

In the mid-70s Rosolino again worked with Candoli, visiting Europe, and he also played several times with Benny Carter who was one of the trombonist's greatest admirers. Also in the 70s he played in Med Flory 's band, Supersax and with Quincy Jones A brilliant technician with a precisely articulated attacking style, Rosolino was one of the finest trombonists of his time and one of few practitioners on the instrument to adapt fully to bebop. His later work showed him to be a consummate section player whether in big bands or small groups.
He died in 1978 in acutely tragic circumstances, shooting both of his children (one of whom survived) before shooting himself.



Frank in Lubliana (Yugoslavia) with the Peter Herbolzheimer Big Band (1975) -
Eddie Engels, Frank Rosolino, Jiggs Whigham and Ferdinand Povel.



THE JOKER: .FRANK ROSOLINO

What happened in November 26, 1978?

THERE ARE THOSE, the fine saxophonist Don Menza among them, who long afterwards found it all but impossible to talk about what happened in those early hours of November 26, 1978. By one of those bits of mental prestidigitation with which we protects our sanity, we all succeeded in not even thinking about it. We pushed the event into some closet in a back room of the mind, and then we all shut the door.

..I cannot to this day explain, and neither can the Van Nuys homicide detectives, why it happened. I'll tell you, as I told them, what I know.
..Frank Rosolino was among the best-loved men in jazz. One of the finest trombone players in the history of the instrument, he had a superb tone, astonishing facility, a deep Italianate lyricism, and rich invention. Frank was, very simply, a sensational player. In addition he had a wonderful spirit that always communicated itself to his associates on the bandstand or the record date.
..He was one of the funniest of men, with a wit that literally would not quit. He bubbled. Quincy Jones remembered touring Japan with a group that included Frank and drummer Grady Tate. "With those two," Quincy said, "you can imagine what it was like. The band was always in an uproar."

Frank Rosolino

.Frank 3 months before he died (1978)

..
Frank was one of a number--Donald Byrd was another--of fine jazz musicians to come out of Cass Tech in Detroit, a superior high school which drew its students from all over the city. Only the exceptional could even get into it. Frank always had the air of a mischievous kid looking for some hell to raise or trouble to get into, and this trait had emerged by the time he went to Cass Tech. Giggling in that way of his, he would in later years recall swiping cars for joyrides. It was always a serious mistake to get into a poker game with Frank. He was one of those men who, but for a soaring and compelling musical talent, might well have ended up in jail.
..Like everyone who knew him, I remember vividly the last times I saw Frank. We were at Dick Gibson's party in Colorado, one of those events that sprung up in recent years in which aging rich jazz fans invite brilliant musicians to come and play for them. At one point he played with Carl Fontana and Bill Watrous, and the three-trombone music was gorgeous. In another unforgettable set, Clark Terry and Frank did several scat-singing duets. They kept making each other laugh, and afterwards I urged them to record together, not playing so much as scatting. Frank was one of the few people who could scat on the same bandstand with Clark Terry.
..The main events of the long weekend were held in the Broadmoor Hotel in Colorado Springs, noted for exciting scenery, dull food, and sullen service. After the last performance at the Broadmoor, we all traveled by bus back to Dick Gibson's house in Denver, Frank and the girl he was living with, Diane, were in the seat behind my wife and me.
..We did not know it at the time, but Frank's third wife, the mother of his two sons, had gone into their garage, shut the door, turned on the car's engine, and sat there in the fumes until she died. I do not know her motive. Frank, in the seat behind us, was talking about following her, killing himself and taking the two boys with him, since he could not bear the thought of leaving them behind in this world. Were we hearing him correctly? Diane said, "Don't talk that way, Frank. Let's pray together."
..That evening in Denver there was a final informal party at Gibson's house. Frank seemed cheerful, making my wife and me doubt the accuracy of our hearing in the noise of the bus. She and I leave early to get back to Los Angeles. So did Frank, who had a gig the next morning. We took a cab to the airport together. Frank was as funny as always. The conversation overheard on the bus seemed like the morning memory of a nightmare.
..We were told at the airport that the flight would be boarding late. My wife and Frank and I wandered around with little to do. Frank shattered the impersonal tedium that hangs in the atmosphere of all airports: he had us laughing so hard that a salesgirl in the bookshop, watching us with suspicion, pointed us out to a security guard, who kept an eye on us.
Frank Rosolino
..
Part of it was Frank's delivery. It has been said that a comic says funny things and a comedian says things funny. Frank was both. He had a lazy low-key way of talking, the epitome of cool, that was either the archetype or the mockery of the classic bebop musician. You never knew who Frank was putting on, the world or himself. Or both. And he had a loose-jointed rag-doll ah-the-hell-with-it way of walking. Frank could even more humorously. He seemed to relish the idea of the bebopper, even as he made fun of it.
..Having exhausted the airport's opportunities for amusement, we went into its coffee shop. It had a U-shaped counter and a terrazzo floor that someone had just mopped with a hideous disinfectant. The air was full of flies, drifting back and forth in lazy curves. We slid onto stools. A waitress about thirty years old approached us. Frank said in that unruffled-by-anything drawl of his, "I'll have a bowl of those flies, please."
..With unexpected sang-froid, the waitress tossed the ball right back at him. "We only serve them on Thursdays," she said.
.."Then I'll come back Thursday," Frank said, and we all laughed, including the waitress.
..Finally, late, we were told that we could board the plane, a TWA flight on stopover between Chicago and Los Angeles. On the plane, returning from an engagement, was, to our delighted surprise, Sarah Vaughan. Red Callender, the bassist, and his wife were also with us. We all sat together and talked, waiting for the take-off. The pilot's disembodied voice told us that there was fog in Los Angeles and the flight would be further delayed. Frank got funnier, Sass got helpless with laughter. Frank asked a pretty stewardess if we could have drinks. She said it was against regulations for her to serve them before takeoff. But Frank soon had her laughing too, and she left to get us the drinks. Frank said, "I have to be careful. I wouldn't want her to lose her gig over it, 'cause then I might have to marry her."
..At last the plane took off. Sass wanted to sleep but Frank kept up his jokes, and she said, "Frank, stop it!" Finally, shaking her head, she moved further back in the plane to escape him.
..At last weariness overcame him, and Frank too fell asleep, sprawled across two or three seats of the nearly empty aircraft.
..I awoke in daylight to the sound of the pilot's voice telling us to fasten seat belts for the descent into Los Angeles. I peered around the back of the seat ahead of me and saw that Frank was still asleep. By this time in his life, his thick dark curly hair had become almost white and he had a full iron-gray mustache. And yet, asleep, he looked like that boy at Cass Tech, trying to find a little action. I shook his shoulder and said, "Frank, Wake up, we're home.

Frank Rosolino with Carl Fontana (photo Dennis Dotson) Frank Rosolino in Germany 1975 (photo Eddie Engels)

I turned on the television that morning to watch the news, then drifted back into that soft state between sleeping and waking. Then there was a voice saying, "The internationally celebrated jazz trombonist Frank Rosolino took his own life last night." Police in the Van Nuys division say that Frank Rosolino shot his two small sons and then turned the gun on himself. One of the children is dead, the other is in critical condition, undergoing surgery. Frank Rosolino, who became nationally known with the bands of Gene Krupa and Stan Kenton, was... "
.."No!" I shouted, waking my wife. She asked what had happened. I told her. She burst into tears. We remembered his words on the bus.
..I got up and, after staring at the floor for a while, telephoned the Van Nuys police and asked first for homicide, then for whomever was handling the Frank Rosolino "case." After a while a man took up the telephone and gave me his name. I gave him mine and asked if he could tell me any more than I had heard on the news.
.."Did you know him, sir?" he asked.
.."Yes, I did."
.."Then perhaps, you can help us." he said. "We're just puzzled."
.."So am I," I said. "But not totally surprised." I told him about the bus trip to Colorado.
.."Is it possible that drugs were involved?" the detective asked carefully.
.."I don't know," I said. "Although nowadays, you always wonder that." I told him what kind of person Frank was, how loved he was. But even as I said it I questioned how well any of us had really know him. I had realized there was a dark side of Frank but had never dreamed that it was this dark. And, as Roger Kellaway said later. When somebody cracks four jokes a minute, we all should have known there was something wrong."
..The conversation with the detective at last ended, as unsatisfying to him as it was to me.
..In the course of that day and the next I learned a little more. Diane (the girl Frank was living with) had wanted to go to Donte's to hear Bill Watrous. Donte's is a nightclub in North Hollywood, a hangout for musicians and one of the few places in Los Angeles where the best studio players can go to play jazz and remind themselves why they took up instruments in the first place. Frank said he wanted to stay home with his two boys: Jason, who was then seven, and Justin, nine.
..I met those boys once, at a party at the home of Sergio Mendes. They were full of laughter and energy and mischief, like Frank. They were wonderfully handsome and happy little fellows, scampering like puppies amid the hors d'oeuvres and among the legs of people, having a high old time.

..Diane went to Donte's with a visiting girlfriend. They came home toward four o'clock in the morning and were sitting in the car in the driveway when they saw a flash of light in the boy's bedroom. Thinking the boys were awake, they got out and went into the house. As they entered they heard the last shot, the one Frank put into his brain. He was still alive. I do not know and do not want to know the further details. In any case, he soon died.
..Frank had gone to the bedroom where Jason and Justin were sleeping and shot each of them in the head. Justin was dead. Jason was not. That night and long into the next day he underwent surgery--fourteen hours of it.
..The autopsy deepened the mystery. The coroner's report said that there were no significant amounts of alcohol or drugs in Frank's system.

..A service was organized or Frank's friends. His two brothers, Russell and Gasper Rosolino, had flown out from Detroit to take Frank and Justin back with them for burial. I do not remember the name of the funeral home, but I can see its polite and muted decor. A lot of us, including Don Menza, Shelly Manne, and Conte and Pete Candoli, were standing around in little groups in the lobby, watching our friends arrive. It seemed everyone in town was there. I don't think any man ever had fewer enemies and more friends than Frank Rosolino. J.J. Johnson and Herb Ellis came in together; I can still see their bleak faces. Med Flory said, "Well, Frank sure took care of Christmas for all of us."
..Finally, because it seemed the thing to do, I wandered into the chapel. The two coffins were in the expected place at the front of it. Roger Kellaway and I walked apprehensively toward them. The cosmeticians had done well. Beautiful little Justin truly did look as if were merely sleeping on the velvet cushion. Frank too looked asleep, as I had seen him on the plane over Los Angeles.

Roger Kellaway
Roger Kellaway

..
Roger Kellaway said something softly as he looked at Justin. Later he told me it was a prayer. Then he looked down at Frank and said, "You asshole," expressing the strange compound of love and grief and anger we were all feeling toward Frank.
..I couldn't face sitting through a service. What was there to say? Roger and I headed for a nearby tavern and had a couple so Scotches. For, as Roger put it, "I've had friends who killed themselves before, but I've never had one who killed his kid." He stared into his drink. The bar was lit softly. The upholstery was red. He said, "You can make that decision for yourself, but you have no right to make it for anyone else." After a time we went back to the chapel. The service, which had been short, was over, and our friends were standing quietly in the lobby.
..Later there as a wake at Don Menza's house in North Hollywood. Menza and I talked for a while about Verdi. And about Frank.
..Frank had fought his share of the jazz wars. He had been through financial hard times and lived to see himself and other musicians of brilliance and in some cases genius struggling to pay their telephone bills, while grungy illiterate singers rode around in limousines, with expensive whores, and demolished hotel rooms and recording studios and told their underlings to put it on the bill. He had even lived to see their likes earnestly analyzed as artists in the New York Times and the Los Angeles Times and Rolling Stone and Newsweek.
..But things had been improving for him, Menza told me, including Frank's financial situation. Frank had wanted to play more jazz, and he was doing it. Don said that he and Frank had been scheduled to make an album, and there was more work of that kind on Frank's calendar. He and Frank had been very close.
..Med Flory was right. Christmas was dreary that year.

At first we heard that Jason would be both deaf and blind. For a long time he was in coma. We heard that he would come out of it and scream and then lapse back into unconsciousness. You found yourself thinking some strange thoughts. What would happen to him if he should indeed be both blind and deaf? What communication would he have with the world? Would he be a vegetable? Or, worse, would he be a sentient conscious being trapped in a black silence with memories of sight and sounds and never knowing why and how they had suddenly ceased? Had he been the second one shot? Had he seen his brother killed?

..After a while we heard that Jason could hear. He was living by now with relatives of his mother. Gradually I stopped thinking about him. And about Frank. Every once in a while, though, something would happen to remind me.
..Roger Kellaway and I were on our way to an appointment in Tarzana, an area of Los Angeles at the west end of the San Fernando Valley. We saw a little boy, about three, crying in the street. We stopped the car. The boy was lost. Roger and I decided that he would go on to our appointment while I tried to learn where the boy belonged. I asked passing people if they knew the child. Gradually a crowd gathered. A tall handsome man in his late fifties introduced himself. He was a cop, a lieutenant. He lived in a nearby building. We went up to his apartment, where he gave the boy something to eat. The child stopped crying. The man picked up the phone, dialed, and identified himself. He was head of the Van Nuys homicide division.
..While we waited for a police car--which in due course did find the boy's home--I asked the lieutenant if he had handled the "Rosolino case." He said that two of his men had. I found myself going over it all again. So did the lieutenant.
..He told me that in his line of work one inevitably becomes inured, but the two detectives who had gone to Frank Rosolino's house that night had come back to the office in tears.
.."Yeah," I said. "They were beautiful little boys."
..After that I banished Frank from my thoughts. I never listened to his records.
..But Jason Rosolino didn't cease to be. He was adopted by a cousin of his mother, Claudia Eien, and her husband, Gary. Caring for him exhausted the family's resources, emotional, physical, and financial. Jason was sent to Braille school, but he was suffering from psychological problems. Surprised? "But he's beautiful," Don Menza's wife, Rose, said. "He's smart as a whip. He has all Frank's fire and energy." He was also, she said, very musical. He had tried trumpet and trombone and piano, but he had no patience.

Don Menza
Don Menza

..
Five year passed. The strain on Claudia and Gary of caring for him had proved enormous. Don and Rose Menza and other musicians and their wives planned a concert to help Jason and some other people in need. It ran from 5:00 p.m. to midnight on the evening of October 30, 1983, at the Hollywood Palladium, a grand old ballroom from the 1930s filled with the ghosts of vanished bands. It seemed everyone was there: the big bands of Bill Berry and Don Menza, Supersax, Steve Allen, Jack Lemmon, Shelly Manne, Ernie Andrews, the Tonight Show band...
..And Jason. He was there with his adoptive parents and a young psychologist who had been working with him. At first I stayed away from them. A lot of people did. Finally my wife said, "We can't all ignore him."
..I thought, What is it? Am I afraid of a twelve-year-old boy? Or am I afraid of seeming to manifest a morbid curiosity? Or are you, I said to myself, afraid that you can't handle what he has been through?
.."Go and talk to him," my wife said.
.."You go and talk to him!" I answered. But in the end I did it. Very timidly, I introduced myself to the Eien family, and soon found myself caught up in conversation. My wife then joined us.
.."I used to know you a long time ago, Jason," I said.
.."Before I was seven?"
.."Yes," I said. "Before you were seven."
He was a handsome boy, tall, dark, and strongly muscled. There was a scar on his temple but it was not all that conspicuous. The eyes were in deep shadows, unseeing. The bullet destroyed the optic nerve but it did not touch the centers of intelligence. The psychologist told me Jason had a genius I.Q. And you could see, as you watched him listen to the music, that he had elephant ears.
..An uncanny thing happened then--two uncanny things. He touched my wife's hair. Not her face, just her hair. He said, "I know what you look like."
.."And what do I look like?"
..He gave a wolf whistle, then said, "You have blonde hair and a full mouth." All of it accurate.
..I was not too severely unnerved by that. Dave MacKay, the pianist, is also blind. I have known Dave, at a social affair, to describe the color of a sweater worn by someone just entering the room. And Dave has a remarkable ability to fathom character merely from the sound of a voice.
.."How do you know that?" I asked Jason.
.."From her voice," Jason said.
..But the next one was even stranger. My wife mentioned a friend in Santa Barbara who grew flowers. Jason said he knew what the man looked like. He said the man was tall and fair-headed. This was accurate. But how many tall sandy-haired Japanese have you met?
..Don Menza's band was performing. "Who's playing the trumpet solo?" Jason asked me.
.."Chuck Findley," I said, and then thought, Why misinform him? "Actually, it is not a trumpet, it is a fluegelhorn."
.."What's the difference?"
.."It's a somewhat bigger instrument, it plays in a slightly lower register, and it has a darker sound."
.."What do you mean by darker?"
..That stopped me. One of those moments when you realize that music cannot be described. And in the attempt we usually resort to visual analogies, which did not seem appropriate in the present instance. "It's fatter, it's thicker somehow," I said.
..Then Bill Berry played a solo. "That's a trumpet in a harmon mute," I told Jason, and explained the use of mutes.
.."It sounds a little like a saxophone," Jason said. And not many orchestrators have noticed that resemblance.


Shelly Manne

..Shelly Manne was playing with Don Menza's band. Two weeks earlier Shelly had been hurt in an encounter with a horse on his ranch and one leg was immobilized by a cast. This meant he was working without a high hat. I explained this to Jason. "What's a high hat?" he said.
..Give me your hands," I said, and put them palm to palm horizontally. I slapped them together on the second and fourth beats of the music. "Two cymbals facing each other, like that. You work them with a foot pedal."
.."Oh, yes, I know," Jason said. "I used to play drums."
..We listened to the music for a time. "I think a lot of people are trying to help you, Jason," I said
.."A lot of people in this room love you."
.."Why?"
.."Just because. Take my word for it," I said.
.."Do you know who really loves me?"
.."Who?"
.."God loves me," he said.

-----------------------------------------------------------

(From the book: "Meet Me At Jim & Andy's" by Gene Lees)
-published by the Oxford University Press

The book has an introduction by Don DeMichael, and has chapters on:
Duke Ellington, Artie Shaw, Woody Herman, Frank Rosolino, John Heard,
Bill Evans (excellent chapter), Billy Taylor, Art Farmer. and a great chapter
on Paul Desmond. It also tells about "Junior's" and has a good chapter called,
"The Myth." ~ GREAT BOOK ! Rene Laanen


FRANK ROSOLINO (1926-1978)
- (Thanks to: Eugene E. Grissom / Professor Emeritus)

Frank Rosolino will be remembered and respected throughout the contemporary jazz world for his mastery of the trombone, his uncanny ability to fit and work successfully with a wide range of musical ideas, and perhaps last but not entirely forgotten, his wit and capacity for comic entertainment. There has seldom been a time when any single aspect of this amazingly complex individual was submerged for any great length of time. He was always the superb performer, upfront individually as a musician or commercially as an entertainer.

Frank Rosolino was born in Detroit on August 20, 1926 and began taking trombone lessons in the eighth grade or about the time he was 14 years of age. Many of the traditional musical hurdles had already been "smoothed" out prior to his introduction to the trombone as a result of the guitar lessons he received from his father from the age of 9. However, proof as to his advancement on the trombone was obviously much in evidence long before he graduated from Miller High School in Detroit . He had auditioned and was accepted into the Cass Tech Symphony orchestra which drew its members from all over the city of Detroit and to be chosen was considered to be quite an honor.

Frank went into the army at the age of 18, evenually joined the 86th Division Band and went overseas to the Philippines. His two year stay in the army provided him with the opportunity to experience yet another kind of musical performance and added to the overall preparedness to fend for himself as a full fledged professional musician upon release from the service.


Frank Rosolino and Carl Fontana (photo DeDe Briscoe)


Rosolino's career started in earnest upon release from the Army in early 1946 and for the next several years he was to gain invaluable experience playing with a great variety of bands.....Bob Chester, Glen Gray, Gene Krupa, Tony Pastor, Herbie Fields, Georgie Auld, and with his own groups in Detroit . His first major break came when he was offered the jazz chair with the great Stan Kenton Band in 1952 and he was one of the featured soloists with Kenton through late 1954. However, following the breakup of that great jazz band he continued to record with the Kenton studio bands as late as March 30, 1955. Earlier he had joined the Howard Rumsey Lighthouse All Stars and appeared on his first recording with the All Stars in December of 1954.

He continued playing with the All Stars well into the 60's and also recorded with the Terry Gibbs "Dream Band" in 1959, 60, and 62. He next joined Donn Tremmer's House Band with the Steve Allen TV show where for two years he was featured as a soloist and occasionally as a comedian. In his constant search for a more fulfilling role for the solo jazz trombone he participated in a number of world tours - with Conti Condoli in 1973 and 1975, as the featured soloist on tour with the Supersax group and finally the trip to Japan with Quincy Jones and a 1974 tour of the USA with Benny Carter.


Phil Wilson & Frank Rosolino (Photo Harvard University)

The fascinating/documentary review of Frank Rosolino's experiences and growth through the various musical groups underline the constant striving for a situation that would allow more time and exposuire for his own creative expression well beyond the "charts" and the traditional 12/24 bar chorus limitation. Perhaps this is one explanation for the most satisfactory times that occured when Frank was recording with small groups and on the tours with the various quartets, quintets . This certainly provided the opportunity to stretch out and develop longer lines and move well beyond the "signature" licks that have a tendency to surface when one is restricted to the solo space alloted in most musical groups.

Before and during the search for more solo exposure, especially in the latter part of the 60's and into the 70's, Rosolino arranged to direct a portion of his time to "educational" appearances in the form of clinics and festivals where he performed with students from many colleges and high schools. He was known to have frequently remarked about the excitement of working with varied groups and of meeting a wide variety of musicians both here and abroad, which allowed him to absorb new ideas and relationships dissimilar to his own. Jazz festivals in particulalr put him together with the unexpected mix , with other trombonists and instrument combinations that would not normally have been booked into the clubs and other commercial gigs, such as the International Trombone Workshop, the Dick Gibson Jazz Party, Charlie Parker Memorial in KC, DisneyWorld, Monterey, Concord, and many of the Universities and other educational institutions throughout the U.S and overseas.

Don Menza
Don Menza


Frank's outstanding reputation as a soloist often found him being featured on many special records; Tutti's Trombones, The Trombones Inc., as a guest with Zoot Sims, Dexter Gorden, Don Menza, Carl Fontana, Jean "Toots" Thielmans, Pete Christlieb, the Airmen of Note, and Bobby Knight's Great Trombone Company. Again as a freelance during the longer time period of 1945-78 about 17 movie scores found their way onto his schedule including Man with the Golden Arm, The Sweet Smell of Success, Hotel, etc., and as continuing testimony to the popularity and reemergence of Frank Rosolino there is now the amazing number of over 40 CD reissues. This is perhaps one of the reasons why the "all inclusive discography" remains such a gigantic challenge and is still far from completion after 20 years.

In retrospect we have lost one of the world's greatest trombone stylist at the very peak of his career, an extraordinary musical talent and a premier virtuoso on the TB possesed with a facility that enabled him to improvise as fluidly on the trombone as a saxophonist.. It is certainly an inspiration to view the Lighthouse videos and observe Frank executing the very fast up tempo bop lines in unision with the tenor or trumpet. It is not to say that similar lines did not exist in Frank's own solos , they did, but somehow it seems more breathtaking for a trombonist when heard as a unison line.

One of Rosolino's proudest personal acheivements has to do with a piece he recorded with the Holland Symphony Orchestra, a piece written for and dedicated to him by a young Dutch composer/arranger, Jerry Van Rooyen. "Violets" is a beautiful composition, a lush arrangement, and most certainly goes a very long way to quiet the critics who have faulted Frank for his tendency to display technique over substance.

Frank Rosolino, instrumentalist, composer, songwriter, singer, comedian, musician extraordinare - most of this to be discovered and experienced on this latest revival record, so very timely and contemporary, it is truely a late 20th century masterpiece.

Order Now !


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